Everything You Need To Know About The Antikythera Mechanism – First Oldest Computer


What is Antikythera Mechanism

What is Antikythera Mechanism

The Antikythera mechanism was a very useful invention dating back to so many decades. The product was not known elusively for what it can be actually useful for due to its physical complexity. And then researchers and archaeologists after so many years have started studying and given some conclusions regarding its history, usage, and how was it made.

During the recovery procedures of a shipwreck in the lands of a Greek island in the Antikythera, in 1900 scientists have found out the Antikythera mechanism along with few other marble statues and bronze artifacts. Then after so many researches people have given statements that this mechanism from the Greeks is useful for predicting four year data cycles of sports like Olympics, is actually an analogue computer and is also beneficial has an array useful for astronomical predictions like positions and calendar timetables, and lunar and solar occurrences. Some people have opinion that the device could be the work of Archimedes, as he as a Syracusan was known for being a dab hand with tools and gears and is a fine mathematician overall. No artifact or device displaying such a similar sophistication is known to be given or manufactured anywhere for about 2000 years after the mechanism’s actual creation, so the Antikythera mechanism was remaining as a product of immense interest to many. But, the device has been in-scripted with references to an athletic competition that was held in the Rhodes areas, may be the likely place of origin, as experts were stating at times.

There are so many conspiracies and ethical issues behind the theories online that states that the Antikythera Mechanism is actually seen as a hoax just because people had the belief that the Greek could have not have found this device so earlier in those times as complex as this. Later, the Antikythera Mechanism Research Project after examinations at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens has inferences that the Antikythera mechanism is not to be taken as a hoax. So many histories and time periods have been evolved later after its discovery.

 

Brief History of Antikythera Mechanism

Brief History of Antikythera Mechanism

The amazing piece of scientific discovery Antikythera mechanism by the Greeks, which was found so many decades back, is still astonishing to so many people contemporarily. The evolution patterns were later on identified for various time frames. In the beginning of the year 1951, the British science historian Derek J. de Solla Price started to study about the materials of the device and its usages. After thorough findings, he concluded that the Antikythera mechanism, an astrological gadget, is used to detect and predict astronomical stars and the movements of planets in the space. Again in 1971, Derek Price along with a nuclear physics Professor Charalampos Karakalos began an evolutionary analysis by x-ray and gamma procedures. In the end the team gave the interpretation that the system had different gears arranged in them physically that helped in predicting the space motions with an inbuilt future date which was set by some user already earlier.

The Antikythera mechanism later is researched through a joint venture program between the Cardiff University, Hewlett Packard, National Archaeological Museum of Athens, and with, stated as the “Antikythera Mechanism Research Project”. The lately unanswered fragments of the mechanism were hence found out on October 21, 2005. There are currently 80 fragmented pieces of this gadget. Since the birth of modern imaging procedures, the team reads the entire Greek inscription twice the normal way.

Finally, in 2006, Mike Edmunds of Cardiff University, Wales along with his team published many CT scans of the left out fragments of the mechanism, revealing more intricate details on the inside part of the device, paving way to a large number of research scholars and journals. After heavy research findings finally the professional group found out that the Antikythera mechanism as built in the middle ages of the 2nd century BCE somewhere in the regions of Corinth or Syracuse.

 

 

Physical Appearance of Antikythera Mechanism

Physical Appearance of Antikythera Mechanism

Examining into the physical appearance of the ancient Antikythera mechanism, it is a shoe-sized wooden sided box with bronze faces attached to it. On the back of the device are present three concentric output dials. Any of the cranks of the side is moved in few degrees, which will manually move 37 other gears present inside the device. Some of them are epicyclical in motions. There is the presence of a two large dials that will sweep over the spiral slots that has hands around it and it is similar to a needle moving along the groove over a record. The person has to set forth some time or any other preference of their choice and then turning the crank for the selection of that chosen preferred, he or she can know about it appropriately.

For example, the Antikythera mechanism was useful for predicting things like the next lunar eclipse with the date and time and phase or positions of the moon. There exist few early critics of this Antikythera mechanism who stated that this bronze product which has chances for corrosion was used by ancient wealthy Greek astrologers and astronomer for their works. The back side portion of the face of the mechanism is present with instructions for using it correctly. This catalog includes descriptions of few norms like various calendars, controls, and mentions of the celestial particles that can track in this gadget. The data or information seen in the device is viewed specially on the screen like thing present in the interface.

The whole Antikythera mechanism itself is very much thin as it has dimensions of 33cm or 13 inches in altitude and 17 cm or 6.75 inches in breadth and width. This bronze material which is fully constructed over a wooden framework that is the Antikythera mechanism is the world’s oldest geared machine or device used as of so many decades back. There are about 82 catalogued fragments present in the Antikythera Mechanism and they are secured at the National Archaeological Museum, Athens, for the purpose of the Antikythera Mechanism Research Project. Many of the fragment pieces are named and appropriate functions are being suited to them.

 

The Discovery

The Discovery Antikythera mechanism

Antikythera mechanism is the best and a remarkable one because it is the only device of its type for having been identified in the hands of archaeologists but still it was not a unique product. There are many references in the ancient literatures to calendric ideations or instruments that are useful for calculating the position of the sun and planets. There is no query that this mechanism was very rare, but that is so because very few individuals had both the interest in owning it to oneself or the cash to have one done. The only groups of people with both would be the nobles with an academic view for astronomy, though the device may have been seen with particular practical uses still now unknown to many of us. For instance calculation of dates for upcoming festivals.

 

Few Amazing Facts About The Antikythera Mechanism

Few Amazing Facts About The Antikythera Mechanism

  • The Antikythera mechanism was found in the Aegean sea in the lands of Antikythera, in the main lands of Crete and Greece and hence the name.
  • When divers and people excavated into the deep seas the first time two people were actually paralyzed and one person was even killed.
  • Even though people now this mechanism’s usage, it was considered useless and its significance was not known for about 75 years after its finding.
  • The Antikythera mechanism is the earth’s first human analog computer found till now.
  • There still exist ethics that the person who introduced trigonometry to the world may also be involved in the ideas of the Antikythera mechanism.
  • Till now scholars have identified so many areas of benefits, uses, functioning, even origins. But no one knew who was actually using this mechanism in those decades back.
  • The Antikythera mechanism was primarily used to study celestial motions and it was so accurate that it gave till 1 degree in 500 years.
  • The largest gear was identified to be approximately 140 millimeters that are 5.5 inches in diameter and was originally having 224 teeth.
  • Lately, so many designs and models have been produced from the inspirations of the Antikythera mechanism.
  • On 17Th May 2017 Google celebrated the 115th anniversary of the discovery of the Antikythera mechanism with a Doodle.
  • Out of all the fragments present, 16 of them were found to fractional and incomplete in their inscriptions.

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