Hubert Cecil Booth: Everything You Need to Know About Him

Hubert Cecil Booth

history of Hubert Cecil Booth

Hubert Cecil Booth, born on 4th of July 1871 is a British engineer who gave a good contribution to today’s vacuum cleaner. He was also the introducer of the Ferris wheels, few factories and also suspension bridges. He is the chairperson and CEO of the British vacuum cleaner and Engineering and Co.

In the year 1860, Daniel Hess introduced a machine which had bellows for suction functions and a brush that rotates around itself. In the year 1869, another patent was given for the invention of Ives McGaffy’s hand-pumped vacuum cleaner. Later around the year 1901 on August 30th, Cecil Booth introduced the idea of the vacuum cleaner which he made has a large contraption that was built on a wagon. This was set up for outside buildings and for servicing multiple rooms by its hoses through the windows.

Cecil Booth was the first person for conceiving the idea of a powered vacuum cleaner which was very influential for the people at those early years for removing dust particles and keeping their rooms clean. In the same year, King Camp Gillette had introduced his razor which was patented In Australia and he later produced a new idea called as the “Puffing Billy” and is presently seen in shops as the modern vacuum cleaner.


Hubert’s Biography

Hubert's Biography

Hubert Cecil Booth was born in Gloucester, England in the year 1871. Abraham Booth, the father of Cecil Booth was a lumber merchant. Hubert had a total count of 5 brothers. He studied in the Gloucester College and in the district school of Gloucester under the direction of Rev. H. Lloyed Brereton. Under Professor William Kotorne Anvin FRS, Hubert had studied and completed 3 years of civil engineering and mechanical engineering. After is Associateship diploma – ACGI, he successfully came at 2nd in the technical department and became the student of The Institution of Civil Engineers.

Hubert was working in the design of engines and machines for the battleships of the Royal Navy at that time. After viewing the inappropriate exhibition and demonstration of the rail car’s compressed air based cleaning systems at St. Pancras Station, he reasoned that inexperienced air passing into a filter may be the best system, and thus he invented an early small version of the vacuum cleaner that was under the manufacturing of Fielding & Gloucester.

The approach of Hubert Cecil was later better educated for the significance given to using it in industries and more than the use of homes and Booth’s company was soon overtaken by his early time rivalry person, Hoover. He then got his British patents for his innovative work on February 18th and also on August 30th, 1901. Then, his branding company started specializing in industrial vacuum cleaners. Before Booth, he had introduced his ideas of the vacuum cleaner as cleaning a car’s muzzle by having the dirt aside, instead of sucking the particles outside. The contemporary Vacuum cleaners that we see today in the shops are fully based upon the principle ideas of Booth.

Hubert Cecil Booth was married to one of the daughters of Francis Tring Pierce, who was the director of Priday, Metford and Company Limited. He was the pal of Hugh Pembroke Voles. In the year 1952, Booth retired from his British Vacuum Cleaner and Engineering Co. Hubert expired on January 14th in the year 1955 in a nursing home in Croydon in England at the age of 83.


“An American Machine”

“An American Machine"

In the year 1901, Hubert was about to give a demonstration of his innovation which he called it as “an American machine”. This was about to take place at the Empire Music Hall in London. This American machine or device is much intended to clean the railway cars and it consisted of an air pump that will pump the air outside and will blow the dust away. Unfortunately, the device had functioned for that time alone and it did not get rid of the dust particle.
The event was not satisfying for Booth, and he was having the later thoughts that there is definitely a better solution that exists. He then thought that if a filter is placed in front of the air pump then the rotation of the air will get reversed and thus the particles enter the machine instead to the exit way and hence the machine can be built for much efficient cleaning works.

So Hubert decided to try a new experiment: He placed and a handkerchief in the chair of a restaurant and then he sucked in air at the surface area of the kerchief and he observed that there was the hum of articles that were gathered around the sucked in that area. And then the successful ideas of the vacuum cleaner grew. Our history does not tell about what other patrons thought about this idea of Hubert.



The Invention of Vacuum Cleaner

The Invention of Vacuum Cleaner

Booth’s Puffing Billy which was bright red in color hauled into the streets by its dapper mechanisms and operators, and eventually had transformed the spaces of Edwardian home. A new standard for cleanliness began after people started using this machine-Vacuum cleaner for removing dust from furniture, draping, rugs, etc. Notably, hiring the values of Booth’s machine soon had become to be seemingly as a status symbol among the most fashionable households. It was even found that even the lady of the house would host few vacuum tea parties to call and entertain her friends in it while the white-coated machine, the Puffing Billy staff invaded her house with their functioning hoses and also the Booth’s invention roared over the roadside streets outside. Booth’s invention became a great hit and eventually had a list of clients who popularly grew to include the Wilhelm II of Germany, the House of Commons, Nicholas II of Russia, and also the numerous departmental stores and houses from the wealthy areas of London city.


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Vacuum cleaners had still continued to improve in its roles. The machines had its later evolutions in smaller versions and it was then started to be operated by having only one person. This includes the example of the Fisker’s vacuum cleaner, which was found to be weighing “just” 17.5 kilograms at that time. In the year 1907, James Murray Sprangler, an employee at a leather factory, had tried in his own way of producing a vacuum cleaner. Sprangler’s machine was extremely inconspicuous as it included a fan, a mop stick and also a pillowcase. Fortunately, the sketch of Sprangler did work well. He did not have the essential money for producing his new vacuum cleaners, and he ultimately had sold the patent to Hoover, his current working factory’s owner. Even though there are varied notions of producing and using this vacuum cleaner by various patrons across the nations, only Booth’s ideas were revolutionized successfully at that time.


Important Historical Events of Hubert’s Life


Hubert, in the year 1889, had moved to London for studying engineering at the City and Guilds College, i.e., The Central Technical College; In 1900, he observed a demonstration of a new cleaning device for the railway cars in a unique dusting-off method. He then based his home vacuum by this method; In 1901 on August 30th, Booth received the British patent for his vacuum cleaner that was in the form of a large, petrol-driven and a horse-drawn unit that was parked outside a building to clean speck of dusts, with some long hoses that are fed through some windows of the rooms; 1902 was the year when he became the founder of the British Vacuum Cleaner and Engineering Co.; In 1903 his Patent application Of 6 Langham Chambers was in Portland Place and also, he got married; In 1952, Cecil Booth took retirement from his positions of chairman of the British Vacuum Cleaner and Engineering Co; lastly, in 1955 Hubert Cecil Booth passed away at the age of 83 in a nursing home in Croydon.


Few Facts To Know


  • One of the most notable clients or the customers of Hubert Cecil Booth’s vacuum cleaner is Queen Victoria herself.
  • Booth’s cleaning methods were useful for the British sailor’s barracks dust and hence this marked the end of the plague epidemic.
  • Hubert himself lately understood that sucking the dust particles was more of an effective cleaning method when he observed it for the train seats blowing dust.
  • The length of the hose wires used by the vacuum cleaner of Hubert had its metres in 30 across the windows.
  • Cecil Both had practically tested his idea that failed earlier in his demonstration by having to suck a kerchief in a restaurant.
  • Hubert was once fined for the making the horses feared from the loud noises that rose from his vacuum cleaner.
  • Hubert was accused of stealing gold when he was asked to clean the dust from sand and eventually he had forgotten to throw the accumulated sand particles away.


Updates of the Vacuum Cleaner


The period of 60’s was remarkably noted by the use of multipurpose vacuum cleaners, which combined both dry and wet cleaning methods, with extra options as separators for the collected water around pools, ground particles from the garden paths and also sand from terraces. Unfortunately, the Soviet vacuum cleaning was only boasting about a good copy of the famous Western models of the same.

The Vacuum cleaners eventually became more powerful and also weighed lighter, overgrown with new nozzles, features, plugs, smaller sizing, etc. which is primarily made indispensable. In the middle of the 80’s, the developed countries had started to use this machine for about seen in 97% of the families which had changed as mobile cleaners.

Advances in Hubert Cecil Booth’s vacuum cleaner has been seen vividly and hence now we in this modern era with a heavy emphasis on growth of technology and science, the contemporary ones are uniquely present for varied lifestyle functions. Present generation even has fully-automated handheld vacuum cleaners which find garbage on its own and sweeps it off!


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